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My granddaughter Alejandra, who is thirteen years old and as her whole generation understands it, tells me that tweeting has deteriorated and is being replaced by TikTok. It seems like a worldwide phenomenon; even myself, so far removed from the digital modernities, I know an Argentine priest who in his apostolic work uses the “tikoteo” (is that so?) with great success on the networks; now the elementals are not worth reading tweeters, but only figures moving for five seconds. In this way – and the priest of Buenos Aires has nothing to do with it – we return to the High Middle Ages, when the monastery preserved only remnants of Western civilization. The others (kings, emperors of the Holy Roman Empire, nobles, commoners and serfs) depicted the Holy History and other stories with ilchrome figures of the portico of cathedrals and stained glass windows. The culture of the image without many books or newspapers, and even without reading and writing tweets.

From ten thousand years ago to our day, men’s society has always been divided by a line, a deep flaw, which divides it into two unequal pieces. The elite and the majority. Sometimes agreed, sometimes against; sometimes one better and one lower, the superiority-inferiority merely showing above and below. Thus in the protohistory darkness of the divine royal; whether they be the pathesis, the priest-kings of Ur or Salem; whether he was God incarnate in the pharaoh of Thebes. All the rest, city or country dwellers, loyal devotees.

Later, for centuries and centuries, the estate society: each estate with its different rights, laws and privileges and where the lineage counts and not fortune. The nineteenth century, the liberal and socialist revolutions, the great capitalism and the appearance of the proletarian march abolished the estates to give way to a class society. So the divided line was no longer a privilege, but money: rich and poor. And now?

Our 21st century is beginning to make a new breakthrough appearing in Western democratic developed countries that has nothing to do with wealth, social classes or politics. On the one hand, a literary elite that neither TikTok nor television knows, but reads; an elite scholar of human knowledge. Conversely, ignorance, growing functional illiteracy and lack of understanding are universal. A mass in which the concept of freedom has been lost since the Pandemic, its prohibitions and restrictions. Meanwhile, the taste of asylum freedom is one of what Jünger calls “anarchs” and Sanfranski calls it “dominant individual”; this is “the one who does not need others” and therefore does not even bow down to the emperor. A knowledgeable, educated, civic, intelligent elite who knows and analyzes reality and develops civilian tasks. The ignorant and the legible, by reason of their being, have nothing to do with Power; In any case, illiterate and illiterate people can often be found in the upper echelons of the economy and in various denominations of politics. On the contrary, it is without exception that the knowledge community leads a relatively astute life, which does not hinder its long – term impact on the rest of society. Nor is it trivial that teachers always appear on the main group in all surveys of the reputation of institutions and groups. Unlike, therefore, the estate society and the class society described by Karl Marx, 21st century mandarins live on the fringes of political power and with that same power is seen as a danger. And this is so because the new Mandarin, far from feeling contempt for the masses, is aware of his duty as an educator of nobility.

It has been said that Philosophy and History serve to avoid voting for Rajoy or Pedro Sánchez again; hence the interest of such characters in deleting these subjects from the study plans. Maybe a boutade; but it is evidence in the 21st century, with Spain at the head, that most kings do not come from the social bloc of mandarins, but from the ranks of ignorance. I am watching with interest whether the Popular Party that emerged in Andalucía on 19 – J to the ticket.