Life expectancy in the United States is experiencing the largest reduction in a century: from 2019 to 2021 it fell from 78.8 to 76.1 years. The last time there was such a two-year decline was from 1921 to 1923.
In the post-war period at that time, life expectancy was only 57.2 years. It was not until 1924 that there was an economic boom that heralded the “Golden Twenties.” Life expectancy in the United States today is at the same point as it was in 1996.
These data come from an interim report from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Life expectancy shows how long a person would live if the circumstances of their birth year remained the same throughout their life. Therefore, children born in the United States in 2021 will live about 76 years.
Life expectancy: why it goes down
Not surprisingly, the coronavirus pandemic is one of the main reasons for the decline. However, a downward trend was evident long before the pandemic. In addition to covid-19, the CDC recognized other reasons for falling life expectancy:
- Unintended injuries and accidents (about half of which are due to drug and medication overdoses)
- Heart disease
- Chronic liver disease
- Flu, pneumonia and other respiratory illnesses
- Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s
Life expectancy in Spain and Europe: down
Life expectancy in Europe is, on average, higher than in the United States. Liechtenstein is in first place, followed by Switzerland and Spain.
- Liechtenstein: 84.4 years
- Switzerland: 84 years
- Spain: 83.3 years
- Austria: 81.3 years
- Germany: 80.9 years
- Bulgaria: 71.4 years
However, life expectancy in Europe also fell in 2020. A research group examined the impact of covid-19 in 37 countries. Norway, Denmark and Iceland are the only European countries that do not seem to be affected by the coronavirus pandemic. In Norway, it even increased.
Tips to live longer
Many of the reasons cited for the decline in longevity can be prevented. Lifestyle, diet, exercise level, and environmental stress throughout life all play a role in developing a disease that could shorten your life.
Ultimately, it is important not only to reach a mature age, but also to have a person remains healthy until the end of life and can fully enjoy it. To achieve this, keep the following points in mind:
1. Eat a balanced diet
Less is more. Especially when you look at diets in the regions where most centenarians live. For example on the Japanese island of Okinawa. Older people then eat in moderation and have a lower incidence of obesity.
- Plant-based proteins are recommended.
- More than five daily servings of vegetables and fruit per day to offer minerals, vitamins, antioxidants and dietary fiber.
- Nuts and seeds They are energizing and healthy foods.
- fermented milk products, like yogurt and kefir are beneficial.
2. Keep moving
Regular exercise is good for body and soul and yes the best way to keep the whole organism at its full potential. Even mild exercise has a positive effect on brain performance in old age.
Any form of physical activity contributes to well-being. According to the experts, 30 to 40 minutes of exercise three or four times a week is ideal. But be careful, you don’t always have to push yourself to the limit of performance. A little sweat is enough.
3. Get enough sleep
Healthy sleep is good, because the whole body regenerates at night and gets strength for the day. Researchers recommend seven to eight hours of sleep a night. People who sleep poorly and irregularly are at increased risk of diabetes, high blood pressure, heart attacks, and obesity.
4. Quit smoking
It is the risk factor that brings death closer. Combustion products of tobacco favor cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases and increase the risk of various types of cancer. It is never too late to quit smoking.
5. Do not drink alcohol or do it in moderation
Alcohol is a toxin and damages the body. If you want to drink alcohol you should not drink more than 10 g (healthy women) or 20 g (healthy men) of alcohol per day. This corresponds to about half a liter of beer for men and a quarter of a liter for women. Alcohol should be completely avoided at least two days a week.
6. Take care of your social relationships
Whether family or friends, people with social contacts live longer, because the exchange with other people and feeling their support has a positive effect on the psyche.
Lonely people have a higher stress level than people surrounded by significant others. Loneliness is also linked to depression. Call your loved ones or get together for a cup of tea, because that’s not only good for your soul and your health.
7. Take breaks
Whether in professional or private life, Stress traps lurk everywhere in everyday life. But if you consciously allow yourself regular rest periods, you can prevent cardiovascular disease, depression and cancer.
Also, Long-term stress makes you age faster. So slow down and take a little break from time to time.
8. Mind training
Don’t underestimate mental training: if you don’t challenge your brain, you’ll let it rust. Creative hobbies, puzzles, reading, or learning a new language keep you young.
Don’t stop doing what makes you happy. Whether writing, making music, travelling, going to the museum or the theatre. And stay curious to keep discovering new and beautiful things in life.
Start investing your money in cryptocurrencies and get Free Bitcoin when you buy or sell 100$ or more if you register in Coinbase