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Freight transport, the most vulnerable segment of the energy chain

Freight transport is the economic link that has suffered the most from the energy crisis in Argentina.

The IS “Free diesel supply map,”, created by technicians from the Argentine Federation of Freight Transport Business Entities (Fadeac) in April, the difficulties in the supply of fuel – grade 2 diesel – which affected the whole country and whose most important moment was in June, when 24 districts of the country registered problems of various sizes.

The IS “virtual traffic light” which consists of responses from truck drivers and owners of some of the 4,500 SMEs that make up the 44 Chambers of Transport grouped in FADEEAC, recognizes that the province is completely green and has no restriction of any kind on refueling, and with red , at the other extreme, those with little or no supply at service stations or waiting times are more than 12 hours.

specificities

From the last survey, conducted between 18 and 27 July, some interesting data emerged:

  • The last photo, with three provinces in red (Santa Fe, Entre Rios and Misiones), shows significant differences between the reality of road service stations, where quotas and waiting times continue to be longer due to lower fuel availability, and those that are close your province. capital cities or large population centers, which have had more supply in recent weeks.
  • Some paradigmatic cases:

*Province of Buenos Aires. To the north (in the Zárate-Campana area) there are still persistent, temporary difficulties in accessing diesel grade 2, and to the south (Bahía Blanca area) and southeast (Mar del Plata area), the situation is completely normal. .

* Tucuman and Chaco. Both are “yellow” (average supply below normal, slight delays in loading), but in the area of ​​San Miguel de Tucumán and Resistencia, the reports are “green”.

* Mendoza. The overall average of responses shows a severe orange for the area (average supply between 21 and 50 liters per unit, significant delays in waiting times and cost overruns), but the situation is normal in the capital area.

  • The shortage was reduced at the cost of a general increase in fuel prices. And this is not a small consequence, since fuel has historically been the main input for road transport activity, having come to represent in February 2022, before the crisis, between 35% and 40% in the cost of structures for medium and long trips. .

At present, supply is mainly seen through Euro 5, which is undoubtedly a more expensive type of diesel, contributing to the increase in transport and logistics costs.

gap widening

“Before the fuel supply crisis, only 13% of heavy vehicle consumption required Euro 5, with the rest using common (or grade 2) diesel. The price difference at that time (February 2022) between one type and another was 21.5%. In July 2022, according to the fuel prices enabled by YPF and its associated operators in Opessa (SA Service Station operators), the value of common diesel (in CABA) is approximately $128.10 per liter, and Euro 5 and $175. per liter, which increased the price difference and is now 36.61%”, explain the Energy specialists in the Technical and Road Infrastructure Department of Fadeeac.

“After more than four months of abnormalities suffered by transporters, the most vulnerable part of the energy chain, from Fadeeac we ask for a temporary inspection of the fuel supply markets for heavy transport. Although varying in severity depending on the part of the country concerned, supply problems continue. Now the adjustment is not for quantity but for prices”, said Roberto Guarnieri, President of the Federation.


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