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IMSS calls for the elimination of stigma to combat suicide as a public health problem

IMSS calls for the elimination of stigma to combat suicide as a public health problem

The Mexican Social Security Agency (IMSS) I call population For consultation responsible informationey adequate from reliable sources of suicide, eliminate prejudice on the subject, keep an open conversation, approach the people with the intention of trying against his life and ask for help if he has ideas about death or suicidal thoughts.

Deputy Medical Director “Morelos” mental hospital representative of IMSS in Northern Mexico City, Eunice Itzel Valle Arteagapointed out that there are various myths related to this issue that affect families, communities and countries globally and for the population to eliminate them, it must respond with real information to support people at risk in time and suicidal behavior.

He explained that within the myths, suicide attempts are only an awakening, when in reality they are a manifestation of the hopelessness that a person feels, where he comes to see death as the only way out of that predicament.

Valle Arteaga suggested that another misconception is that someone who truly wants to end their life does not give notice; however, the truth is that many people in one way or another communicate to the environment an intention to attempt against their life before it does.

Among these behaviors we have given away our most precious possessions, talk very often about death, fantasize about it, ask our loved ones what would happen if they were lost, they also suddenly engage in activities that may involve some kind of risk or injury . , or also in reckless behavior,” he added.

He added that another myth is that people who commit suicide are very selfish or very brave, but in reality such behavior will never be an expression of cowardice, selfishness or bravery, it is an expression of great suffering associated with hopelessness that makes it that it is clear that ending one’s own life is the only possible way out in that emotional state.

The psychiatrist added that there are also attitudes that indicate that suicide should not be talked about and that the media should not publish related information to avoid giving “bad ideas.”

He explained that the data to be identified in the vulnerable group are diagnosis of any disease, recent loss, fear of separation, loss of status, sudden changes in behavior, lack of interest or discontinuation of treatment due to previous mental illness, difficulty concentrating. , isolationism, some kind of difficulty in their environment, distribution of valued objects, frequent references to death or vital crises.

He emphasized that family and friends can be part of prevention process by asking your loved ones directly about the reason for sudden changes in their behavior or whether they have considered harming themselves or ending their lives.

One thing that is also very important is, as healthcare professionals, to try not to act on our prejudices about the rightful population we serve. And both doctors, rights holders and the public remind us that there is no health without mental health, and mental health is precisely the ability we have to use our talents to the fullest and to be able to make a useful contribution to the environment,” he said. said.

The assistant doctor of the “Morelos” psychiatric hospital reported that people with suicidal thoughts don’t be afraid to ask for help and to psychiatry, “and whenever our teaching can be sought in one way or another.”

He reported that according to a statement from World Health Organization (OMS) in 2021, every year about 700 thousand people commit suicide, and for every completed suicide, about 10 more attempt it. Even other statistics show that there are 20 more attempts. Additionally, failed attempt is the most important individual risk factor for new attempt.

He added that in 2020 there will be 7,818 deaths from self-inflicted injuries in Mexico, a figure that represents the 7th point in total deaths for the year and a suicide rate of 6.2 per 100,000 population. Likewise, the group of young people aged 18 to 29 has the highest suicide rate, according to data from the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (nothing).

The expert explained that suicide is a multifaceted problem, the result of a complex interaction of biological, genetic, psychological, sociological and environmental factors. However, the WHO points out that prevention and adequate treatment of other related causes such as depression, alcohol and other drug abuse, as well as those who have shown risky behavior, will invariably reduce the incidence.

With information from López-Dóriga Digital

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