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The main index of gains on the Vienna Stock Exchange at the start of operations this April 8th

The main index of gains on the Vienna Stock Exchange at the start of operations this April 8th

Good start to the day for ATXwhich begins the day on Friday, April 8 with rises of 1.32%to the 3,195.61 pointe, after the start of the opening session. As for the changes of this day in relation to the past days, the ATX it eliminates four sessions of losing streak.

Referring to last week’s profitability, the ATX accumulates decrease in 3.76%so that over the past year it continues to decline 0.32%. The IS ATX stands for 21,24% below its maximum this year (4,057.59 points) and 9.43% above its minimum valuation for the current year (2,920.29 points).

stock index it is an indicator of how the value of a particular set of assets changesfrom which it uses data from different companies or market sectors.

These indicators are mainly used by the stock markets of various nations and companies with different specificities can integrate each of them such as having a similar market capitalization or related to the same type of industry, in addition, there are some indices that only include a handful of shares to determine their value or others that value hundreds of shares.

Stock market indices act as indicator of stock market confidence, business confidence, health of the national and global economy and performance of share investments and company shares. If investors lack confidence, stock values ​​tend to fall.

They also work for the asset manager performance and allowing investors to make returns between risk and risk; the opportunities of measuring a financial asset or creating portfolios.

This type of indicator began to be used in the late 19th century after journalist Charles H. Dow. He looked closely at how the stocks of the companies tended to go up or down together in price, so he created two indices: one in which the top 20 railway companies (since it was in the industry most at the time), as well as 12 acts of other types of firms.

There are currently several indexes and They can be grouped based on their location, sectors, company size or even the type of assetFor example, the US Nasdaq index is made up of the 100 largest technology – related companies such as Apple (AAPL), Microsoft (MSFT), Amazon (AMZN), Facebook (FB), Alphabet (GOOG), Tesla (TSLA) ). , Nvidia (NVDA), PayPal (PYPL), Comcast (CMCSA), Adobe (ADBE).

Each stock index has its own calculation method, but the key component is the market capitalization of each company that integrates it. This is obtained by multiplying the day value of the title on the corresponding stock market by the total number of shares held by investors.

Companies listed on the stock exchange are required to present a balance its composition. That report must be communicated every three or six months, as the case may be.

Reading a stock index also involves analyzing its variations over time. Current indices always start with a fixed value based on stock prices on your start date, but not everyone follows this method. So it may seem misleading.

If one index gains 500 points in one day, and another index only adds 20, it may appear that the first index exceeded. However, if the first day started at 30,000 points and the next day at 300, it can be determined, in percentage terms, that the second one had significant gains.

Between the major US stock indices There is the Dow Jones Industrial Average, better known Dow Jones, which consists of 30 companies. Also, the S&P 500, including 500 of the largest companies on the New York Stock Exchange. Finally, the 100 morewhich brings together 100 of the largest non-financial firms.

On the other hand, the most significant indices of it Europe is the Eurostoxx 50, which covers the 50 largest companies in the euro area. On the other hand, the DAX 30, the main German index of the strongest companies on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange; an FTSE 100 from the London Stock Exchange; an CAC 40 of the Paris Stock Exchange; and the IBEX 35of the Spanish stock market.

I Asiathe IS Nikkei 225, comprising the 225 largest companies on the Tokyo Stock Exchange. The IS SSE Composite Index, listed as the most representative in China, consists of the most relevant companies on the Shanghai Stock Exchange. Likewise, it is worth mentioning the Hang Seung Index in Hong Kong and the KOSPI in South Korea.

Talking about it Latin Americathe IS IPCcontaining swelling 35 leading Mexican Stock Exchange (BMV) firms. At least a third of them are owned by magnate Carlos Slim.

Another is the Bovespa, comprising the top 50 companies on the São Paulo stock exchange; an merval from Argentina; an OWN From Chile; IGBC Bogotá; an IBC de Caracas, made up of 6 Venezuelan companies.

Similarly, there are other types of global stock market indices such as the MSCI Latin Americacomprising the 137 most important companies in Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru.

Similarly, the MSCI Global, including 1,600 companies from 23 developed countries; an MSCI Emerging Markets, made up of more than 800 companies from developing countries; and the S&P Global 100comprised of the 100 most powerful multinational firms on the planet.

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